Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera

Rim on a Rim

A small fresh crater is positioned on the rim of Hermann B crater. Material slides down the crater wall to the crater's center, creating small headscarps along the rim. Image width is 650 m, LROC NAC M117867678RE [NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University].

Crater rims are a boundary between the inside and outside of a crater. Thus the rim is also where the slope changes from steeply down into a crater to the shallow sloping exterior. This change in slope results in a ridge along which dry debris flows often form and carve backwards into the rim. This fresh crater is almost on top of the rim of Hermann B, so what does the whole crater look like? A context image might give us an idea.

Context image for today's Featured Image (white box), centered on 0.353°S, 302.830°E. The rim of the young crater is almost touching the rim of Hermann B! The interior of Hermann B is to the left, while the exterior is to the right. This image is a mosaic of the left and right pair for LROC NAC M117867678, subsampled to 2 m/pixel [NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University].

Amazingly, the small perched crater is not a simple bowl shape! Instead of having a discrete rim that rings the entire crater, the crater rim exists only along the upslope portion of Hermann B's crater wall. The other half of the crater rim is a mess! Boulders cover the center of the crater, and streamers were ejected downslope. The blocks hint that the bolide might not have been traveling very fast, and maybe it was a block of ejecta from another crater. Because the bolide that created the fresh crater may have been traveling relatively slowly when it impacted into Hermann B's sloped crater wall, the crater did not form a uniform shape!

Explore more of Hermann B's crater rim in the full NAC mosaic!

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