Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera

Kepler Crater Landslide

Mass movement of rocky debris down the inner crater wall and onto the floor of Kepler crater. Image width  3 kilometers, north is up, M114206456LR [NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University].


The walls of impact craters slowly retreat backwards, widening the crater, as the crater ages due to wall material moving downslope onto the floor. Movement can be a grain by grain creep wherein material slowly creeps down the wall over time, or it can occur as a catastrophic event in which a large amount of debris cascades down the slope.

The walls of Kepler crater (30 kilometer diameter) exhibit numerous landslides. In this example, a landslide of dark material begins about 100 meters below the rim from a narrow box canyon. The box canyon is about 50 meters wide and 300 meters long. Overall, the slide is extends some 2300 meters (from the end of the canyon to its base). The base of the slide is on a fault block that lies some 1800 meters below the rim. The wall slope is about 33 degrees.

Mid-slope portion of a  landslide mass on the wall of Kepler crater. Several individual slides can be seen on the margins; in the middle, the individual slides overlap each other [NASA/GSFC/Arizoan State University].

This slide is actually composed of a series of narrow landslides 20-30 meters wide. Along most  of the slope, the individual slides overrun each other forming a band of debris up to about 180 meters wide. At the base of the slope, the individual slides can be recognized as they move apart forming a fan of material. A few individual isolated slides also occur adjacent to the main mass. The overlapping nature of these small slides indicate that the overall feature may have formed over a period of time, rather than all at once.


Most of the particles in the slide are unresolved in the image (less than a meter). However, at the margins and toes of the slides, larger blocks several meters in diameter are common; scattered boulders up to about 10 meters diameter are found at the base of the slide.

Base of the slide complex with individual slides clearly visible. The margins and terminations of the slides are formed by boulders a few meters in diameter.

Explore the full NAC pair mosaic of these magnificent deposits,  M114206456LR [NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University].


Related Feature Images

Rock slide in Rima Hyginus

Banded Slump in Berzelius W

Rim on a Rim

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