Young Crater Walls

Northern rim of an unnamed young crater. LROC NAC M125130801R; image center is 80.030°N, 278.886°E; image width is 1243 m; incidence angle is 82.3° [NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University].

After the unimaginably violent processes of excavation and ejecta emplacement, impact craters gradually change their shapes with time by various processes, such as the isostatic rebound, mass wasting, subsequent impacts, and space weathering. Today's Featured Image highlights such a post-impact degradation process.

The lower half of this image (relatively high reflectance) is the crater wall, downslope is to the bottom. The bottom-left dark area is the shadow of southern crater rim. Upper half of the image with a low reflectance surface is the crater rim and the rim slope out of the cavity, mostly covered with impact melt. The low reflectance area at the image center just above the steep wall has multiple horizontal cracks showing where the hardened impact melt has cracked as the steep walls slowly fail and slide into the crater bit-by-bit. These slope failures continuously refresh the crater walls, removing the melt coatings and exposing subsurface materials.

Most of the fresh craters that we observe have suffered these slides, leaving the commonly observed rootless melt flow features on the rim slopes. Just after the impact occurred, much of the crater interior was covered by impact melt, but these rock veneers are quickly removed from steep slopes leaving fresh outcrops of the target (regolith and, in the case of mare, bedrock).

Context image of the unnamed crater and the surrounding area in LROC WAC monochrome mosaic (100 m/pix). Image center is 79.97°N, 278.87°E; image width is about 66 km. The NAC footprint and the location of the opening image are illustrated [NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University].

Explore the resurfaced fresh crater walls in full NAC frame yourself!

Related posts:

Slope failure near Aratus crater

Sinuous Cracks

Slope Resurfacing

Stratified Ejecta Blocks

Dark Impact Melt Sheet

Thin Dark Layer

Published by Hiroyuki Sato on 25 March 2014